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Believing the existence of the soul should trust the mind-body dualism (Chapter 1). Since 2010, the author has been convinced that the soul does exist, and thus become a follower of Cartesian dualism. However, the dualism has created a difficult problem: how can the immaterial mind drive body movement (Thibaut, 2018; Berrios, 2018)? According to the Geon Hypothesis, the mind is a geon comprising gravitational (GR) and electromagnetic (EM) waves which are bound in a small region (Chapter 6). GR waves have virtually no interaction with matter. Therefore, only EM waves may affect body movement.
From the physiology textbook, we know that body movement results from muscle contraction, and neuronal firing controls muscle contraction. If the mind can drive body movement, then EM waves should be able to influence neuronal firing. This is a novel concept. The current neuroscience does not consider this possibility at all. No wonder Dinesh Bhugra thought the dualism created boundaries between mind and body (Chapter 1).
How do EM waves influence neuronal firing? Several lines of evidence suggest that EM waves could induce neuronal firing through microtubules. A microtubule consists of hundreds of proteins, including many negatively charged amino acids. These negative charges can interact with EM waves. Therefore, microtubules can serve as a bridge between mind and brain. Exactly how EM waves may increase neuronal excitability via microtubules is discussed in Frontiers in Microtubules.
Who will live longer: depressed or cheerful person? In 1956, Harman proposed the theory of free radicals, asserting that aging is due to excessive free radicals generated by oxidative processes. This theory dominated the medical community for more than half a century. Many people rushed to buy antioxidant supplements in order to prolong life. In the 2010s, the free radical theory of aging was gradually replaced by the "hyperfunction theory" which posits that aging arises from hyperactive cellular processes, such as excessive neuronal firing. Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases are indeed caused by neuronal hyperexcitability (see Alzheimer's Disease). As discussed in Chapter 8, depression and pleasure are associated with higher and lower density of EM waves, respectively. Higher density of EM waves can cause excessive neuronal firing via microtubules. Therefore, cheerful persons are likely to have longer lifespan than depressed persons.
The Geon Hypothesis not only agrees with modern theory of aging, but also explains the basic behavior of animals: "seek pleasure, avoid pain." (Next Chapter)
Author: Frank Lee